• Sierra Nevada del Cocuy
    Sierra Nevada del Cocuy

    De izq. a dcha. Ritacuba Blanco, Picacho, San Pablines, Cóncavo y Pan de Azúcar. (Colombia).

  • Frailejones debajo del Ritacuba Negro

    Sierra Nevada del Cocuy. Colombia.

  • Valle de Ishinca
    Valle de Ishinca

    Guía quechuahablante con burro, que carga nuestros morrales (Cordillera Blanca, Perú).

  • Laguna de la Isla
    Laguna de la Isla

    Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Colombia

  • En la cumbre del Chimborazo
    En la cumbre del Chimborazo

    Los amigos Gabriel y Eduardo cubierto de hielo (Enero 2012, Ecuador).

  • Volcán Cotopaxi (5.897 m)

    Travesía del laberinto de grietas en el descenso del Cotopaxi, Ecuador.

  • Ascenso al Nevado Ishinca
    Ascenso al Nevado Ishinca

    A la izqierda, el Palcaraju (6.110m) y a la derecha Ishinca (5.530m), Cordillera Blanca, Perú.

  • Laguna Chinancocha
    Laguna Chinancocha

    Valle al norte del Huascarán, en la Cordillera Blanca, Perú.

  • Macizo del Condoriri
    Macizo del Condoriri

    Cordillera Real, Bolivia.

  • Pan de Azúcar (5.180 m)
    Pan de Azúcar (5.180 m)

    Descendiendo de la cumbre. Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Colombia.

  • Ascendiendo al San Pablín Norte (5.240m)

    Sierra Nevada del Cocuy. Colombia.

  • Huayna Potosí
    Huayna Potosí

    Encima de La Paz, Bolivia.

  • Camino real Guaduas - Honda
    Camino real Guaduas - Honda

    Construido durante la Colonia por los españoles.

  • Camino real Guaduas - Honda
    Camino real Guaduas - Honda

    Ensamblado de Piedras.

You are here: HomeA general overview

A general overview

Colombia.png(Translated with Google Translator, correction will follow).Colombia is located in northwestern South America. Bordered to the east by Venezuela and Brazil, to the south by Ecuador and Peru and Panama to the northwest. Its area is 2,070,408 km ², of which 1,141,748 km ² correspond to the mainland and the remaining 928,660 km ² correspond to its maritime extension. It has approximately 40 million inhabitants.

Geography

Colombia is the only South American country with coastlines on the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea). It has all floors térimcos in abundance, is a geographical landmark by crossing the line of Ecuador and has several records in animal species.

The Andes dominate the western half of Colombia, and are divided into three major mountain ranges, the Western, the Central (with the Nevados Park) and the East (with the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy). Between the ranges, Magdalena and Cauca rivers flow into the lowlands along the Caribbean coast. Besides the three mountain ranges, there are three peripheral mountain ranges: the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in the north, the west Baudo and the Serrania de la Macarena in the southeast of the Andes. In the higher parts of the mountain ranges are volcanoes, some of them occasionally active. The country's highest point is the peak Christopher Columbus in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, with a height of 5,775 meters. The Sierra Nevada is considered the world's highest mountain to the sea.

Mountaineering

Major visited mountains in Colombia are, from north to south, the Sierra Nevada (Lost City), the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, the Parque de los Nevados and Puracé and Galeras volcano.

Due to the internal armed conflict in Colombia for more than 40 years, acute and degenerated in recent years by drug interests. For this reason, many mountain areas are closed for the mountaineer or a tourist, or require prior consultation before embarking on a trip. There are currently inaccessible the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (with the exception of the coastal zone and Lost City), many moors of central and eastern cordillera and the Nevado del Huila. (In the description of each site will discuss the security situation).

Protected Areas and National Parks

Colombia has a National System of Protected Areas "(SINAP) administered by the Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territorial Development. It also has a "National Park System" under the Directorate of National Parks, at the end of 2007, comprising more than 10% of the mainland and has 55 protected areas, which testify to the richness and biodiversity the country.

Climate

Being in low latitudes, Colombia has a tropical climate. The mountain system is the main determinant of the climate in each of the regions of Colombia, a circumstance for which the country is divided into the following climatic zones:

  • Warm (below 1,000 meters altitude, temperature greater than 24 ° C, covering 80% of the extension of the country)
  • Medium or mild (between 1,000 and 2,000 meters, temperature between 17 and 24 ° C, corresponding to 10% of the country)
  • Cold (2,000 to 3,000 meters, temperatures between 12 and 17 ° C, covering 8%)
  • Páramo (land over 3,000 meters above sea level with temperatures below 12 ° C).

Another climate factor in Colombian territory are the trade winds from the north and the southeast. The northern trade winds determine the dry season when they reach their highest penetration in the continent. The southeast trade winds predominate in the southeastern part of the country.

The "summer" principal begins mid-December and lasts until the end of January, there is also an Indian summer in July-August. Due to climate change and geographic location, these summers can be stronger or weaker.

History

At the time of the Spanish conquest in the sixteenth century, indigenous peoples from different language families occupied much of the territory, including Arawak, Carib and Chibcha, in various stages of training. Two Chibcha groups: the Tairona and the Muisca, highlighted in the superior training and populated mainly the Andean region. Today, the ethnic diversity in Colombia is a result of mixed Amerindian, Spanish settlers and African descent, which is ethnically distributed as follows: Mestizo (56%), white (30%), blacks (10.5%) and indigenous (3.4%).

Major Indian reservations are located precisely in the mountain areas and high mountain, which is why it requires cultural and ethnic sensitivity visitors.

 

Display # 
# Title Author Modified Date Hits
1 ABC of Colombia Written by Friedrich Kircher 17 December 2012 1157

Go to top