• En la cumbre del Chimborazo
    En la cumbre del Chimborazo

    Los amigos Gabriel y Eduardo cubierto de hielo (Enero 2012, Ecuador).

  • Valle de Ishinca
    Valle de Ishinca

    Guía quechuahablante con burro, que carga nuestros morrales (Cordillera Blanca, Perú).

  • Macizo del Condoriri
    Macizo del Condoriri

    Cordillera Real, Bolivia.

  • Camino real Guaduas - Honda
    Camino real Guaduas - Honda

    Construido durante la Colonia por los españoles.

  • Pan de Azúcar (5.180 m)
    Pan de Azúcar (5.180 m)

    Descendiendo de la cumbre. Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Colombia.

  • Ascendiendo al San Pablín Norte (5.240m)

    Sierra Nevada del Cocuy. Colombia.

  • Laguna Chinancocha
    Laguna Chinancocha

    Valle al norte del Huascarán, en la Cordillera Blanca, Perú.

  • Frailejones debajo del Ritacuba Negro

    Sierra Nevada del Cocuy. Colombia.

  • Laguna de la Isla
    Laguna de la Isla

    Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Colombia

  • Volcán Cotopaxi (5.897 m)

    Travesía del laberinto de grietas en el descenso del Cotopaxi, Ecuador.

  • Sierra Nevada del Cocuy
    Sierra Nevada del Cocuy

    De izq. a dcha. Ritacuba Blanco, Picacho, San Pablines, Cóncavo y Pan de Azúcar. (Colombia).

  • Camino real Guaduas - Honda
    Camino real Guaduas - Honda

    Ensamblado de Piedras.

  • Huayna Potosí
    Huayna Potosí

    Encima de La Paz, Bolivia.

  • Ascenso al Nevado Ishinca
    Ascenso al Nevado Ishinca

    A la izqierda, el Palcaraju (6.110m) y a la derecha Ishinca (5.530m), Cordillera Blanca, Perú.

You are here: HomeBolivia

Bolivia

Bolivia.png(For the moment we use Google Translator). Bolivia borders to the north and east by Brazil, south to Paraguay and Argentina, and west by Chile and Peru. It is, along with Paraguay, one of two countries in South America without a coastline. The capital and seat of government (executive and legislative) is La Paz, with 3.900 m above sealevel one of the highest capitals of the world..

Bolivia is a multicultural country with very rich cultural, natural and archaeological.

Relieve

 
 

The Andean region : covering 28% of the country with an estimated length of 307,000 km ² . This area is more than 3,000 meters above sea level , located between two major Andean branches: the western and eastern mountain ranges or Real, which have some of the highest peaks in America as the Nevado Sajama to 6542 m and the Illimani with 6,462 meters .

Main elevations
Vista de El Alto con la Cordillera Central de fondo
NameAltitude ( m )
Nevado Sajama 6.542
Illampu 6.485
Illimani 6.462
Ancohuma 6.380
Chearoco 6.127
Pomerape 6.240
Chachacomani 6.074
Parinacota 6.362
Huayna Potosi 6.088
Acotango 6.052
Acamarachi 6.046
Chaupi Orco 6.040
Uturuncu 6.008

These two branches of the Andes lies the high plateau of the plateau with an average altitude of 3,000 meters, here is the highest navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca , located at 3,810 meters above sea level , with an area of 8,300 km ² which places it in the twenty-fourth place worldwide. A incumbent Bolivia 3770 km ² and the rest sail to Peru where deep-draft vessels, also has islands like Isla del Sol, the largest lake and many others.

Also found in the highlands salares of all sizes, the largest being the Salar de Uyuni: tank salt world's largest containing about 64 billion tons of salt and lithium, one of the world's major salar Coipasa and smaller but no less important.

Here are a number of gaps. Among the main Colorada with an area of 60 km ² and Kalina of 26 km ² , the first named for the color of its waters.

Mountaineering

 

The Cordillera Real or Solid Peace is the most important for climbers. The mountain has several six thousand and more snow and ice coverage of Bolivia. Its proximity to the capital makes it a stunning, virtually all possibilities to mountain sports. Climbing a six thousand in one day and return to the city of La Paz to sleep is possible here.

Other Regions

The Sub-Andean region: intermediate between the highlands and the eastern plains covering 13% of the territory (average altitude 2,500 m). It is characterized by its agricultural and its mild climate to warm 15-25 ° C . This region comprises the valleys and the Yungas that are wetted by heavy rain or a constant haze that favors the existence of a complex biome characterized by dense vegetation (rainforest and nimbosilva) differentiated floors or altitudinal strata (in the Yungas, often , at higher altitudes decreases the number of species, is the largest area of land pricipitaciones storm with over 5,000 mm .

The Llanos region: the largest, covering 59% of the national area and is located north and east of the Cordillera Oriental or Real and extending from the foot of the Andes to the Paraguay River, the point at lower altitudes of the country, is known for being a land of plains and plateaux, covered by extensive forests, large lakes and rivers flowing down from the Andes and the Rio Mamore, Beni and lakes etc. Rogaguado and Rogoaguado.

Vista de la Region de los Llanos del BeniRegister for an annual average temperature of 22-25 ° C . Here are most of the country's biodiversity and agricultural land more profitable.

In this region rivers converge Amazon basin and the Rio de la Plata from the country and neighboring countries.

Climate

 
In Bolivia you can find all climates, from tropical in the plains, to the pole in the highlands of the Andes. In addition to the variability of the weather, many parts of the country have irregular climates throughout the year with large and unpredictable variations.

El Altiplano andino presenta un tipo de clima frio y arido, como el Desierto de SiloliThe climatic conditions of the country is determined by a combination of factors, among which the most important are geoastronómica position, latitude, proximity to the tropics, altitude, variety of reliefs, the circulation of trade winds , the surazos and Niño.

The Andean Altiplano presents a kind of cold and arid climate, such as Desert Siloli

 

The rainy season in the country runs from November to March. These factors change in temperature, precipitation , humidity, wind, atmospheric pressure, evaporation and evapotranspiration, resulting in different climates around the country level.

Although Bolivia is within tropical latitudes, climatic conditions vary dramatically from tropical in the lowlands to polar in the highest parts of the Andes.

Temperatures depend primarily on elevation and show little seasonal variation. In most areas, precipitation is higher during the Southern Hemisphere summer, and the annual amount tend to decrease from north to south.

The northern areas of the plains have a humid tropical with high temperatures throughout the year, with high humidity and high rainfall. Temperature has an average of 30 ° C throughout the year in most places. The winds from the Amazon basin bring significant rain, this rain falls often with thunder, sometimes accompanied by hail strong winds. The central areas of the plains have a tropical wet and dry climate.

 

From October to April, with dry winds predominate northwest direction, and the weather gets hot, humid and rainy. But from May to September, these dry winds produce minimal rainfall. During this season, clear days and clear nights allow temperatures are high during the day and low at night. Occasional incursions of strong winds from the south, called surazos can reach this region during winter and bring cool temperatures for several days.

The Chaco has a semitropical climate, semiarid. The northeastern winds bring rain and moisture from January, the other months are dry with warm days and cool nights. The maximum temperature recorded in Bolivia was 47 ° C and occurred in this area. The surazos also affect Chaco arrival is sighted by a line generally rainy. The temperatures and amounts of precipitation in mountain areas varyVista del Glaciar Sorata y la Laguna Glaciar situados en el Macizo Illampu, los cuales presentan un clima polarconsiderably.

View Sorata Glacier and Glacier Lagoon located in the Massif Illampu , which have a polar climate.

Los Yungas, where the moist northeastern winds are pushed towards the mountains, make this area more humid and rainy, receiving up to 152 inches a year. The valleys are within the Cordillera Oriental have mild temperatures and amounts of precipitation are moderate with an average of 640-760 mm annually. Temperatures drop with increasing height, however snowfall is possible at elevations between 2,000 m , is the permanent snow above 4,600 meters. Areas from the 5,500 meters have a polar climate, with glacier areas. The peaks of the Cordillera Occidental deserts become cold and high winds by.

The Altiplano, which also is swept by strong winds and cold-arid climate is cold, with sharp differences in daily temperature and precipitation amounts that decrease from north to south. The average daytime temperature is between 15-20 ° C, but with the summer sun tropical and temperatures can reach 27 ° C. But just after dark the air retains little heat, at night temperatures drop drastically and are located just above freezing. The Lake Titicaca exerts a moderating influence, but only matches on its shores, frosts occur almost every month, and snow is not uncommon.

(Source: Wikipedia).

 

 

 

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